Unauthorised construction out side tenanted property can be reason for eviction u/s 108 of Transfer of Property Act: Calcutta High Court

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By Legal Cell 

Introduction: The case in question, which came before the Calcutta High Court, revolves around complex legal issues related to eviction, property rights, and reasonable requirements. It was presided over by Justice Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee, and its outcome carries significant implications for property law in the region.

Factual Background: In this case, the plaintiff sought eviction of the defendant based on the violation of Section 108 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882, and on the ground of reasonable requirement. The plaintiff claimed that the alleged construction at issue was situated outside the tenancy.

Key Legal Issues:

  1. Violation of Section 108 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882: The case hinged on whether the defendant had violated the provisions of Section 108 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882, and whether such violation warranted eviction.
  2. Reasonable Requirement: The plaintiff argued that they had a reasonable requirement for the property in question, and this formed a valid ground for eviction. However, this claim was challenged by the defendant.

Calcutta High Court’s Decision: Justice Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee, in a well-reasoned judgment, determined that the alleged construction was indeed situated outside the tenancy. This finding was crucial as it impacted the application of Section 108 of the Transfer of Property Act.

Furthermore, the judge remanded the case back to the First Appellate Court, instructing them to reevaluate the plaintiff’s claim of reasonable requirement in light of a subsequent property purchase. This indicates a meticulous consideration of both the legal and factual aspects of the case.

Analysis: The decision of the Calcutta High Court reflects a judicious approach to property law matters. By first establishing the physical location of the disputed construction, the court ensured a solid foundation for its further deliberations. The remand to the First Appellate Court underscores the importance of thorough evaluation, especially in cases involving complex property rights and reasonable requirements.

The case highlights the nuanced nature of property disputes and the need for a comprehensive examination of both legal provisions and factual circumstances. Justice Mukherjee’s decision exemplifies the court’s commitment to ensuring justice is served while upholding the principles of property law.

Conclusion: The Calcutta High Court’s decision in this case represents a significant milestone in the realm of property law. It underscores the importance of meticulous analysis in cases involving eviction based on property violations and reasonable requirements. This decision sets a valuable precedent for future property-related disputes in the region, emphasizing the need for a balanced approach to legal proceedings.

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